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Mongolia Tourist Attractions

Mongolia, a landlocked nation in eastern and central Asia, is home to a wide variety of tourist attractions. People’s Republic of China surrounds the country to the east, west, and south and Russia to the north. Mongolia tourist attractions draw millions of travelers to the country round the year.

Mongolia is a culturally diverse country and it is home to many tourist destinations. Following Kazakhstan, it is the second biggest landlocked nation in the world. It is also the most sparsely populated country in the world. Mongolia is a country of many natural wonders and features diverse geographical attributes.
The famous Gobi desert is located in the southern part of the country and all the hilly and cold areas are located in the north and west. The plateau of the Uvs Nuur Lake is an accepted World Heritage Site. Tourism is an important industry in Mongolia and the country is famous for steppes or prairie land.

The major Mongolia tourist attractions

are as follows:

  • The Gobi Desert
    The Gobi Desert is one of the major tourist destinations in Mongolia. It is a huge arid region in the Asian continent. The desert encompasses portions of South Mongolia and northern and northwestern China. Gobi desert plateaus are bordered by the Tibetan plateau and Hexi Corridor to the Southwest, Altai Mountains and the prairielands and lowlands of Mongolia to the north, and by the North China Plain to the southeast.

    The desert comprises various discrete environmental and geological areas on the basis of differences in weather and landscape. The Gobi Desert is the fifth largest desert in the world. It is essentially a rain shadow desert created by the Himalayan mountain range obstructing rain-bearing clouds from arriving at the Gobi.

    The desert and its bordering areas are home to a variety of creatures, which include the following:
     
  • Marbled polecats
  • Black-tailed gazelles
  • Mongolian wild ass
  • Bactrian camels
  • Snow leopards
  • Sandplovers
  • Wolves
  • Brown bears

    The vegetation of the desert usually includes the following types of trees and plants:
    • Gray sagebrush
    • Gray sparrow's saltwort
    • Low grasses like bridlegrass and needle grass


    The Gobi area can be split into five separate arid eco-regions and they are as follows:
    • The 'Eastern Gobi desert steppe'
    • The Alashan Plateau semi-desert
    • Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe
    • Dzungarian Basin semi-desert
    • Tian Shan range

     
  • Prehistoric Capital Karakorum
    Karakorum, Qara Qorum in traditional Mongolian dialect, served as the capital of the Mongol Empire in the 13th Century and the post-imperial Mongolia in the 14th and 15th centuries. The remains of Karakoram are located in the northwestern edge of the Övörkhangai Province. It adjoins the Erdene Zuu Monastery and is close to the present-day neighborhood of Kharkhorin. Both of them constitute the higher portion of Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape, a World Heritage Site.
     
  • The Altai Mountains
    The Altai Mountains are one of the major tourist draws in Mongolia. They are a mountain range in the central region of Asia, where China, Russia, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia meet. The Altai Mountains are also the source of the Ob and Irtysh rivers. In Mongolian dialect, the Altai Mountains stand for Mountains of Gold. This mountain range is famous for being the habitat of Turkic speaking and Altaic language-speaking communities.

    A huge region of 16,178 km² - Lake Teletskoye, Altai and Katun Natural Reserves, the Ukok Plateau and Mount Belukha – constitute a natural UNESCO World Heritage Site named as Golden Mountains of Altai. You will get to see rare species of wildlife including imperiled mammals like The Siberian Ibex, the Altai argali, and snow leopard. The Uvs Nuur plateau is a protected area.
     
  • Hustai National Park
    Hustai National Park, also known as Khustain Nuruu National Park, is a popular national park in Mongolia. The river Tuul moves across the park. You will see a variety of wildlife like deer, wild horses, and gazelles in this national park.
     
  • Khüiten Peak
    Khüiten Peak (in Mongolian language - Nairamdal orgil, which means Friendship Peak or cold peak) is the tallest peak in Mongolia. The peak is situated in the distant west of the nation. The peak rises at the height of 4,374 m (14,350 feet, earlier 4,356 m) under the everlasting snowcap. Khüiten Peak is one of five crests in the Tavan Bogd Uul (five saints), which around 2.5 km farther north locates the boundary tripoint between Mongolia, Russia, and China. According to a number of sources, the Khüiten is also tagged as "Tavan Bogd Uul". The first climb of Khüiten Peak is assumed to have taken place in 1963.
     
  • Lake Khövsgöl
    In terms of volume, Lake Khövsgöl is the biggest lake in Mongolia. In terms of area, it is the second biggest lake in the country. Lake Khövsgöl features a national park, which is greater than the Yellowstone National Park. It is bordered by various mountain ranges. This national park houses an array of creatures including the following:
    • Argali
    • Ibex
    • Wolf
    • Elk
    • Musk deer
    • Wolverine
    • Siberian moose
    • Brown bear
    • Sable


    Festivals in Mongolia


    Other than the abovementioned tourist attractions, Mongolia is popular for a number of festivals, which include the following:
    • New Year's First Sunrise Tour
    • Thousand Camels Festival
    • Ice Festival
    • Roaring Hooves International Festival Of New Music
    • Lunar New Year - Tsagaan sar
    • Mongolian National Costume Festival
    • Tsaatan Festival
    • Mongolia Bike Challenge
    • Naadam Festival (the biggest sporting event in the country)
    • Ceremony of The Summoning Spirits of Great Chingiss Khaan's Imperial Guards
    • The Grand Orchestra of the Mongolian National Song & Dance
    • Nomads Day Festival
    • Mongolian Horses
    • 13th Century Living Museum
    • Gobi International Marathon
    • Golden Eagle Festival


    Activities in Mongolia


    While your trip to this country of Genghis Khan, you can take part in the following fun-filled activities:
    • Wildlife watching
    • Horse riding
    • Culture experiencing
    • Hiking and trekking
    • Pilgrimage
    • Rafting and kayaking
    • Motor biking
    • Fishing
    • Camel riding
    • Bird watching