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Fort Siloso

Fort Siloso is one of the principal tourist attractions in Singapore. People from around the world come to Singapore to visit this historical fortress. Your trip to this picturesque island country will remain incomplete if you don’t see this majestic fort.

About Fort Siloso

Fort Siloso is the only reconstructed gun battery from the twelve such batteries, which constituted "Fortress Singapore" during the beginning of the Second World War. The word Siloso was derived from the expression Seloso in the Filipino dialect, which stands for jealous person.

Fort Siloso is located on the resort island of Sentosa, reconstructed as a museum, and open for public watching.

History of Fort Siloso

Since the decade of 1920s, Japan had started to surface as a severe menace threat to British frontiers in the Far East. With significant reductions in their defense budget following the First World War, the British forces were not able to keep a powerful and long-standing naval existence in the region. As a result, Great Britain made a decision to make use of the "Main fleet to Singapore" tactic, to protect not only Singapore, but the remainder of her territory in Australasia and the Far East.

Singapore's tactical position as the western entryway to the Far East encouraged the Overseas Defense Committee of Great Britain to select her as the location for a marine base in 1921. The principal armada would be established in Europe. It would navigate to Singapore to defend the interests of Great Britain in the Far East and properties if they were at risk.
The fruitfulness of this tactic depended upon the speedy movement of the Main Armada, and on maintaining Singapore safe till the time it reached. It appeared quite obvious to the British Overseas Defense Committee that a strike could take place from the sea and/or Johore. Consequently, they worked out a plan that took these options into consideration.

By 1939, the principal guards of Singapore comprised a set of 12 Coastal Artillery Batteries. Against common belief, the cannons, except two, were prepared to fire both toward land and in the direction of the sea.

Being sure that the Japanese would initially make an attempt from the sea, the British Security Advisors planners were convinced that the Main Armada and supports would reach in Singapore well ahead of any strike toward land. It was nonetheless a fatal error since the Japanese subsequently attacked from the north at the time of the Battle of Singapore.

Johore Battery
Two of the 3 × 15 in (381 mm) cannons of the Johore Battery had navigation on all sides and could be fired toward the land. These became involved in the clash for Singapore. One was on an older elevated area and could not be transported to other places. Nevertheless, they were outfitted only with shells to confront armored vessels and were not successful in opposition to ground weaponry and territorial forces.

Fort Siloso
Fort Siloso defended the slim western entry to Keppel Harbor. By 1939, there were one rapid firing 12 Pounder gun and 2 × 6 in (152 mm) MK2 guns.

Buona Vista Battery
The 2 × 15 in (381 mm) cannons at Buona Vista Battery had only a restricted navigation of around 180 degrees. Because of their partial navigation, they could only defend parts of the southwestern shore of Johore.

Labrador Battery
Constructed in 1939, the Labrador Battery had an area of gun installation and gun tower with 2 × 6 in (152 mm) cannons facing south. The cannons had a range of more than 10 miles, discharging 102-pound missiles utilizing 31-pound magazines.