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Pantheon

Rome is Italy’s largest and the capital city with a population of around 2.7 million people. The city is located in the central-western part of the country bordering the Tiber River. The city has a rich history spanning over two thousand years and is a prominent tourist destination with close to five million people coming to Rome every year. Tours to Rome will take you around the various historic and ancient sites, ancient buildings, and fascist architecture. The Pantheon in Rome is a classic example of medieval and Renaissance architecture in Rome. It is one of the most well preserved monuments in the city.

 

About Pantheon

 

The Pantheon is an ancient monument build initially as a temple and later converted into Church of Santa Maria as Martyrs. It is Rome’s most spectacular building that stands in its complete shape and form until the present time. Historians, students, and architects widely visit this place. The church is dedicated to “all the Gods” meaning “pan theos”. Until the 20th century, it stood as the largest concrete structure in the world. The most significant part of the monument is that it is the burial ground of several prominent Italian personalities. The list of burials at the place includes that of noted painter and artists Raphael. Another historic significance of the place is that Michelangelo had visited the monument and studied the great dome before he started painting the enclave of St Peter’s Basilica.

 

History of Pantheon

 

Magistrate Marcus Agrippa built between 27-25 BC commissioned the Pantheon. The temple was burned down in 80 AD and reconstructed in 125 AD with the basic plan and architectural designs laid down by emperor Hadrian. Later, it became the church of Santa Maria in Rome.

 

Attractions of Pantheon

 

The architectural elegance and historical significance of the building remains the prime attraction of the Pantheon. It is widely celebrated as a work of classic architecture and construction in history that has inspired even painter Michelangelo. The building reflects a perfect sphere within a cylindrical structure.

  • The monument has a huge dome measuring 43.2 meters. It was the largest in the world until the construction of the Brunelleschi’s dome in Florence.
  • The bronze doors of the structure were earlier made of gold and weigh around 20 tons each.
  • The only source of natural light flowing into the dome is the Oculus. It is a opening in the center of the dome measuring 27 feet in diameter.

 

  • The main altar of the Santa Maria church houses the icon of Madonna and child dating back to the 7th century.
  • Monumental tombs are set into the Pantheon walls, they are the toms of artist Raphael, first king of a incorporated Italy Vittorio Emanuele II, and Umberto I his successor.

 

  • The garden or the plaza has the fountain topped with an Egyptian obelisk. Pope Clement XI commissioned the fountain.

 

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