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Caen Castle

Caen Castle, Caen,Caen Castle in Normandy,Caen Castle in France,Caen Castle in Normandy in France. Caen has always occupied a special place in the history books in the schools of France. Imagine standing before a medieval castle, just like the one in Camelot- with a deep moat, tall towers and invincible fortification walls? Well that's what the Caen Castle is all about. The Caen Castle, Caen is an important landmark in the history of Normandy and has played essential part in Norman strategy and policy since time immemorial.
Caen Castle
The Caen Castle in Normandy was constructed on a hillock; later the city spread all around it and the castle is now in the middle of the city. With an area of 5.5 hectares, the Caen Castle in France is not only the largest castle in Normandy, but is also one of the largest castles in Western Europe.

The Caen Castle in France, was built in 1060 AD, by William the Conqueror who conquered England in 1066. His son Henry I then built within the castle the Saint Georges church, a keep in1123 and a large hall for the Duke's Court. At Christmas 1182 a royal court Christmas celebration was organized in the aula of Caen Castle and brought together Henry II and his sons, Richard the Lionheart and John Lackland, thus receiving more than a thousand knights.


Caen Castle in Normandy in France along with the rest of Normandy was handed over to the French Crown in 1204 and King Philip II reinforced the fortifications. The castle played significant part during the Hundred Years' War (1346, 1417, 1450). The keep built by Henry I was pulled down in 1793 during the French Revolution, by order from the National Convention.

The Caen Castle, Caen was used as a barracks during World War II, and was bombed in 1944 which caused serious damage to this historic property. Michel de Boüard, an archeologist from Caen decided to start excavations in 1946, in the vicinity of the castle to bring to the light medieval traces. The musée des Beaux-Arts, Normandy was established in 1967, opened for public in 1971.

Today, the castle serves as a museum and houses:
  • Musée des Beaux-Arts de Caen (Museum of Fine Arts of Caen)
  • Musée de Normandie (Museum of Normandy) Saint Georges church;
  • Échiquier de Normandie (Exchequer of Normandy) also used as a temporary hall for exhibitions, where seated the Court of Normandy;
  • A garden with plants cultivated in the middle-age.
The keep though razed now had a large square section with round towers at each angle and was also surrounded by a moat. From atop the ramparts one can get a splendid view of Caen. Some parts of the curtain walls in the castle were built during the 12th century though most of them date back to the 15th century. Later excavations also revealed a private house of the 15th century with a firehouse, a powder magazine and two walls of a forge dating back to the 14th century. The traces of stables have also been found.